THE NUMBERS OF RESEARCH AND INNOVATION IN EMILIA-ROMAGNA

IMPACT OF BUSINESS EXPENDITURE ON R&D ON GDP

R&D activity is defined as "the complex of creative works undertaken in a systematic way, both to increase the body of knowledge (including knowledge of man, culture and society), and to use this knowledge for new applications "(OECD-Eurostat Manual on the statistical survey of R&D activities - Frascati Manual). The indicator shown relates the sum of R&D expenditure recorded for companies to the value of gross domestic product.



DATE: 28 November 2020

SOURCE: ISTAT